75 mm Howitzer

75 mm Howitzer

The 75 mm Howitzer was introduced into American service in 1927. It was adopted for British service in 1944 with guns being supplied on Lend/Lease. The guns were used by 1st and 53rd Air landing Light Regiments, 159 Para Field Regiment, E Battery Raiding Support Regiment, 7th Mountain Regiment and a Battery of 85th Mountain Regiment. Various other units were issued the 75 mm Howitzer on a temporary basis. It was in use by the airborne artillery until the 1960’s.


Howitzer M1A1Re-designed breech ring and block. Not compatible with the M1


Carriage M8M1 carriage fitted with steel disc wheels & pneumatic tyres.


Weight of Gun & Breech mechanism341 lbs
Total length52 inches
Length of Bore47 inches (16 calibres)
Rifling28 grooves, uniform Right Hand 1/20
Breech mechanismHorizontal sliding block, percussion fired
Elevation-5º to +45º
Traverse3º right & left
Recoil syystemHydropneumatic, constant 29 inches
Weight in action1,339 lbs


Firing standard 14lb HE Shell

Muzzle velocity1,250 feet per second
Maximum range9,610 yards

Break down for pack use

  • Tube
  • Breech Ring, Mechanism & Wheels
  • Cradle & Top Sleigh
  • Recoil system & Bottom Sleigh
  • Front Trail
  • Rear Trail & Axle


Shell, HE, M48Streamlined, nose fuzed & filled with 1.47 lbs of TNT
Shell, Chemical, M64Similar shell body to M48. Central burster surrounded by chemical
filling: White Phosphorus (WP) or Titanium Tetrachloride (FS)
Shell, HEAT, M66Hollow charge shell with Base Fuze M62
Propelling ChargeSemi-fixed ammunition with 4 adjustable charges. The HEAT
round was fixed ammunition with a single charge
The Royal Artillery 1939-45